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Agile vs Scrum

Are you new to software development or have some experience in the field? If so, you’re likely to be familiar with Agile and Scrum and also with scrum vs agile. Both of these approaches are used to improve the quality and speed of software delivery. 

According to, as of the beginning of 2018, 91% of respondents said their company used agile development, and 88% said they were engaged in continuous integration. Working on software projects can be a daunting task. Agile is a software development method that relies heavily on collaboration, feedback, and Customer centricity. 

Scrum is a popular framework to develop, and deliver high-quality products/solutions using Agile values.

 Scrum emphasizes working in short cycles with regular check-ins to ensure quicker feedback is collected from the Customer and adapted at the earliest. 
If you are new to software development, it can be helpful to understand these two models so you can choose the best for your work.

What is Agile?

Agile is a software development method that encourages a rapid, evolutionary development cycle. It involves collaboration among team members who continuously improve their work product by responding to customer feedback and working together as a self-organizing team. Agile methods promote transparent communication, efficient problem-solving, and continual learning. 

Agile is a way of the software development process that emphasizes incremental value delivery and responding to customer feedback on regular basis. Agile has 4 core Values and 12 principles which focus on more collaborative work, continuous improvement, and delivering more sustainable products. This process helps improve the flow of information and the project’s overall efficiency. The goal of agile is to deliver products on time, with high quality, within budget, and meeting customer requirements.

What is Scrum?

Scrum is a lightweight framework that supports teams to work together effectively in building complex products. This framework is being used for over 20 years by numerous organizations for the effective delivery of products/solutions. The framework is designed to help teams produce high-quality products in a short amount of time. The three core principles of Scrum are;

1) Transparency 

2) Inspection and 

3) Adaptation
 These principles enable the team to achieve the goal.

Scrum is a framework for product development developed by Ken Schwaber and Jeff Sutherland in the early 1990s. Scrum aims to improve communication and coordination among team members while ensuring that products are delivered on time and within budget.

The basic steps in using Scrum are setting goals, developing a product plan, creating a sprint backlog, assigning tasks to team members, monitoring and collecting feedback, and adapting the feedback within the sprint. Teams typically consist of five to eleven people who work together in short bursts (sprints) to complete specific tasks. In the end, the team evaluates their progress and makes changes if necessary.

Agile vs Scrum

Agile is a way of developing a product. Scrum is a lightweight framework under the umbrella of Agile. Scrum supports the core values and principles of Agile.  There are various other frameworks under Agile such as Extreme Programming, Test Driven Development, Pair Programming, adaptive System Development, Behavior Driven Development, Crystal, Kanban, etc. 

Rather than terming it as differences between Agile and scrum, it would be more appropriate to note down the key elements of these two.

Agile is a way of developing a product. It has 4 core Values and 12 Principles.Scrum is a framework based on Agile. Scrum has 3 main pillars 
Agile emphasizes an Iterative and Incremental Delivery approachScrum emphasizes on shorter Development cycles called Sprints which would deliver value incrementally to the customer.
Agile brings the best results when there is a fair idea about the product to be built.Scrum encourages Innovative, more evolving approaches to building products.
Agile does not explicitly mention any events/ceremoniesScrum has a definite set of events/ceremonies.
No definite guidelines about the rolesScrum has definite roles in the team as Developers, Scrum Masters, and Product Owner


Agile is a philosophy that had come up to guide Complex Product Development. 

Scrum is one of the frameworks that is built to adapt Agile Core Values and Principles,  Scrum has been a popular framework to adapt Agile in organizations of various domains as it incorporates the shorter duration of Development cycles called ‘Sprints’ and value delivery is realized through following different Scrum events such as Backlog Refinement, Sprint Planning, Sprint Review, Sprint Retrospective, Daily Standup, etc.

Scrum ensures the quality of the product delivered by ensuring the Definition of Ready(DOR), and Definition of Done are met for all the backlog items. To know more about Agile and Scrum, please visit LeanWisdom, and gain insight into a variety of certifications that you aspire to pursue! 

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is agile development, and what are the benefits?

    The benefits of agile development include:
    Quickly responding to change requests by Customers
     Delivery high-quality products
    Faster time to market new products.
    Reduced risk and cost due to shorter product cycles
    Incremental Value delivery
    Improved communication and collaboration.

  2. What happens when teams adopt Scrum without proper training or implementation?

    As the Creators of Scrum say, Scrum is a lightweight framework that is easy to understand and complex to master. Scrum has a definite set of events to be taken place in a Sprint. Most of the activities are time-boxed. And each event is created with a definite purpose to deliver quick and high-quality products to the customer.

    If proper training is not given prior to adopting Scrum, the team may not be equipped to conduct these events in an efficient way. And this may affect the releases and also the quality of the product. Thorough coaching is required for the teams throughout the initial few sprints to execute and deliver high value through Sprints. 

  3. How do Scrum and agile work together?

    Scrum and agile work together to deliver software that is fast, adaptable, and sustainable. Agile has guidelines for how the software development should be,
    Scrum is a framework that incorporates Agile Values and Principles and has specific Roles, Processes, and Events.
    Scrum focuses on delivering software (working software) through short sprints of work that are completed in a week or two. These sprints and events are usually facilitated by a scrum master who coordinates the team’s efforts and provides guidance and direction in following Scrum processes and events.

  4. Can I simultaneously use agile and Scrum methods in my business’ software development process?

    Agile has 4 values and 12 principles that guide its development, There are different frameworks that are built using Agile. Scrum is one such framework. Agile guides the way the product should be built. And Scrum processes help in building the product in an Agile way.